In measures , three layers sound in counterpoint: 1. The foreground line, sounded by flute 1 and supported by flute 2 and piccolo; 2. The orchestration is changed and thickened at measure 89, and again at measure The mood relaxes, marked by a thinner texture, softening dynamics, and a slackening tempo.
Note also the gradual transformation from staccato to legato as indicated in measure in the flute and vibraphone. The lyrical theme is now in its most relaxed state.
Solo bassoon and clarinet take turns sounding in counterpoint with the theme, but they too are much calmer than the interjections sounding in previous B-sections. The calm mood of the B-theme is suddenly interrupted. The faster tempo returns. A repeated 16th-note pedal point in the vibraphone glues together a kaleidoscopic interplay of spiky chords and melodic fragments which bounce all around the ensemble. The energy increases One final reprise of the A-section is intensified by tight, imitative shouts of the main theme mm.
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The coda is launched by a series of brass pyramid-chords and woodwind 16th-note passages. A dramatic descent in quarter-note triplets is brutally interrupted by an explosion of sound in the percussion at measure , answered by one final outburst of the main theme. This movement depicts a series of dreams or dreamlike events. I intended not only to express a dreamlike world, but also to open a door that would invite the listener to enter into that world.
The movement's form is extremely free, but its freedom is balanced by intense motivic unity and economy of means. When I first composed this theme, I had in mind a quiet lake with no ripples, such as the kind I enjoyed growing up in Louisiana. The music meanders calmly -- like a boat on still water -- easing from Bb major to Db major and back again, colored by traditional blues notes.
These "blue notes" form their own triad a minor third away from the home-key. These two triads -- Bb Major and Db Minor -- combine to serve as the building blocks for several ideas in the piece, such as the ascending half-note chords in measures 12 to 15, and, more interestingly, the 32nd-note passage beginning in measure B mm. The chant theme is introduced by the piccolo and muted trumpet in parallel 10ths. The trumpet implies Bb minor with flatted 5th, while the piccolo implies D minor with flatted 5th.
Their combined pitches form a blues scale, thus connecting the chant theme with the main theme:. The two soloists must sound in equal balance with one another.
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The accompanying trombone glisses should be lazy and slow, like a relaxed sigh. Instrumental color was foremost in my mind as I composed this particular dream event. The texture is somewhat complex, but the dynamic indications, when observed carefully, will enable individual colors - and specific color combinations - to come through clearly at given moments. This motive is passed to others within this section, and takes on greater importance as the movement unfolds.
Underneath the call motive, lines weave their way through the texture, never distracting from the foreground events. The music slips through a variety of vague tonal centers before settling back to the home-key of Bb Major. The movement suddenly darkens and intensifies. A solo alto saxophone shouts out fiercely -- the call motive interwoven into the solo -- like a lone voice raging against injustice.
Against this, the ensemble plays a series of forceful snap-rhythm chords. During this intense dialogue between soloist and ensemble, the ensemble members must obey the dynamics carefully, coming down to piano where indicated so that the soloist may be heard clearly. Likewise, the soloist must throw caution to the wind, playing as powerfully and aggressively as tastefully possible.
Even as the soloist's dynamic level diminishes mm. The ensemble answers the soloists "outrage" at measure 62 with an intense chordal variation of the chant theme.
Symphony No.2, Op.16 (Nielsen, Carl)
Once again, the dream recedes and returns to the home key, and a brief recollection of the main theme. This fairly strict four-part canon represents a point of repose, like a healing dream.
The call motive is now subtly interwoven into the more peaceful context of the canonic lines. Everything relaxes at measure The harmon-muted trombone glissando represents a healing sigh of relief -- like a slow and calming exhalation. Qty: Add to Cart. In three colorful movements, the symphony has a heart-on-sleeve lyricism that has endeared it to audiences normally fearful of 20th century music. Score and parts were originally published by C.
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Subsequently Carl Fischer acquired the rights to administer the copyright, and in , published the familiar study score. There were known to be many errata and discrepancies between Hanson's original manuscript on deposit in the Sibley Music Library at the Eastman School of Music and the existing materials in the Fischer rental library. This theme continues to develop throughout the first half of the movement. The second theme of this movement begins very similar to the second theme of the first movement: the low reeds have a staccato bass line.
Hans Gál- Symphony no.4 “Sinfonia Concertante,” Robert Schumann- Symphony no. 2
The second theme is played by a solo flute and a solo alto saxophone. Next, the piccolo and tenor sax are added to the theme. The third theme features rapid calls and responses between section. The flutes and clarinets have the first statement, and the trumpets are the first group to respond. As this theme is developed the trombones join in, followed by the horns, then the oboes, and the last instrument to play the third theme is the timpani.
Christopher Rouse - Symphony No.3
The third theme ends with a triplet-based timpani solo. After the timpani solo, the first theme returns and is further developed. The second theme then returns in the trumpets and trombones with a new triplet-based accompaniment. This leads in to a statement of the first theme of the first movement in the trumpets and trombones.